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Below Grade

Design professionals are leaving no part of the building envelope to chance in the quest for more energy efficient buildings, Walls and roofs have been obvious thermal performance areas of concern. Now, below-grade foundation walls and floor slabs have been targeted and have proven to provide significant energy savings.
Additionally, the installation of thermal insulation below grade serves to protect concrete from the freeze, thaw cycle, which deters premature deterioration. It also protects the waterproofing on the foundation during backfilling.
In below-grade and under-slab applications, XPS rigid foam insulation has been called for but EPS should be considered as it is less costly and can perform as well if not better. How is it better? EPS has the added benefit of drying more quickly as it retains less moisture than XPS. (XPS retains about 18.9% moisture content versus EPS retention of 4.8%.) These results are from a 15 year in-situ test conducted by Stork Twin City Testing, an accredited testing lab in St. Paul MN. Additionally, after 30 days of drying, the XPS retained 15.7% moisture content while the EPS contained only 0.7%.
This translates to a better long term R factor for EPS.
The International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) established a number of prescriptive R-value requirements for below-grade walls and slab-on-grade floors by climate zone. In the 2012 code, Table C402.2 (“Opaque Thermal Envelope Requirements”) has specific values, but it should be confirmed with the local building officials.
Local codes should always be consulted for specific requirements.

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